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Fasteners other than those called out by Guardian Fall Protection may be used to install Guardian anchorage connectors, provided that written approval is obtained from Guardian, and the jobsite Competent Person determines the alternate fastener is compatible with the applicable anchorage connector.

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Guardian Fall Protection designs and analyzes the connection of the anchor point to the structure, and doesn’t evaluate the ability of the structure to resist design loads. Guardian does have the ability to offer structural analysis packages through our Engineered Services Group (ESG), and can provide a quote for any project that includes items such as blocking details or load path analysis.

CB Anchors are not intended for anything other than Fall Arrest or Restraint applications. CB anchors, similar to many other Guardian anchors, are designed to a 5,000 pound ultimate load per OSHA regulations. The S-Series Anchor (formerly the CB-24) is one exception to this rule. It is designed for use in either fall protection or suspension work.

Guardian Fall Protection anchorage connectors (only if they are rated for use in rigging/suspension applications) may also be used interchangeably for fall protection applications, provided the anchor passes all pre-use and Competent Person inspections. Anchorage connectors are never approved for simultaneous use in fall protection and rigging/suspension applications.

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Guardian Fall Protection offers numerous anchor points that can be used for both permanent or temporary applications. However, certain anchor points are recommended specifically for either permanent or temporary installation as a result of material type, product design, or intended use. Potential anchor deformation is a primary factor in determining the suitability for an anchor to be removed/reinstalled. Always use new fasteners for each new installation application. As with any anchor point, inspection and maintenance is critical for promoting product longevity. Refer to the product instructions, or contact Guardian with any questions regarding proper product installation.

There are several hundred different types of standing seam metal roofs. Please check with Guardian to confirm compatibility of our standing seam anchor points with your specific standing seam metal roof. Guardian needs to know the panel manufacturer name, panel name, and gauge in order to determine product compatibility.

Guardian Fall Protection does not allow our off the shelf anchor points to be installed over insulation; anchors must be installed directly to the load bearing substrate. Please contact our Engineered Services Group (ESG) for custom or specialty anchors that can be designed for more varied installation applications.

Yes. Always refer to the anchorage positioning chart included in the product instruction manual to determine the acceptable working angles away from in line with the anchor that are permitted. The majority of Guardian Fall Protection residential anchors are not designed for use in applications in which they may be subject to a side-load. Contact Guardian with any questions regarding proper working orientation.

Deadweight anchors are suitable for installation onto slopes up to a maximum of 1/12 (5 degrees). Use on slopes in excess of 1/12 will result in a diminished coefficient of friction, which is essential in preventing the anchor from sliding.

Guardian Fall Protection Cross Arm Straps may be installed onto structural rebar, provided the rebar meets the following conditions: rebar must be minimum size #6 (nominal diameter of .75”); rebar must be terminated on each end (to eliminate risk of accidental detachment); and rebar must extend up above Cross Arm Strap installation location by a minimum 24”.

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A selection of Guardian Fall Protection anchorage connectors are permitted to be welded to a compatible metal substrate. Some, like the CB-1-W or CB-12/18 Weld-On Posts, are specifically designed to be welded. Others, such as the D-Ring 2 Hole Anchor Plate, may be welded as a means of alternate installation. Contact Guardian with any questions regarding the suitability of an anchor for use in welding applications. All welding must be done by an American Welding Society (AWS) certified welder according to all applicable welding regulations.

It is the responsibility of a Competent Person to provide a full jobsite fall protection plan prior to the beginning of any work. This plan includes the supervision of the installation of all fall protection anchor points.

5K anchorage connectors have a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 lbs., while 10K anchorage connectors have a minimum breaking strength of 10,000 lbs. Per OSHA, anchorage connectors used in Fall Arrest applications must have a minimum 5,000 lb. breaking strength. 10K anchors are made available in the event a company or organization independently requires the use of stronger anchorage connectors, or if more than one PFAS is connected to a single anchorage connector. However, this latter case is prohibited by OSHA unless equipment is specifically designed by the manufacturer for such use. Guardian Fall Protection does not currently offer an anchorage connector rated for connection by more than one user for use in Fall Arrest.

The Bolt Hole Anchor may be installed into pre-drilled holes with a maximum diameter up to 1.378" (35mm). The previous maximum permitted diameter was 1.25" (31.75mm).

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It is permitted to install and use Cross Arm Straps and/or Concrete Anchor Straps in a "daisy chain" fashion. With a first strap installed around a structural anchor, a second strap may then be installed to teh PFAS connection point of the first strap. All installation must be done in accordance with the instructions provide with the equipment. Be aware that the use of Cross Arm Straps/Concrete Anchor Straps can significantly increase potential swing fall hazards.

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• Inspect SRL before each use for deficiencies, including, but not limited to, corrosion, deformation, pits, burrs, rough surfaces, sharp edges, cracking, rust, paint buildup, excessive heating, alteration, broken stitching, fraying, bird-caging, and missing or illegible labels.

• Keep SRL clean and free of debris – especially cable and web lifelines. Prevent foreign objects from entering SRL housing via lifeline opening

• Never remove the protective plastic covering on a shock absorber.

• Carry SRL properly by the integrated handle or swivel eye. Never connect snap hook to the swivel eye and use the resulting loop as a handle – it will damage the cable at the swage and wear the rubber stopper.

• Always maintain control of lifeline. Never allow lifeline to retract uncontrolled back into the housing; doing so may result in damage to the product. Consider using a tagline to help control the rate of retraction.

• Test SRL braking function before EACH use. Never pull on shock absorber or snap hook to test – this may deploy shock absorber or impact indicator.

• Verify your SRL is approved for Leading Edge (LE) applications before commencing Leading Edge work. SRL-LEs must include an integrated shock absorber located at the worker’s back and be approved by the manufacturer for Leading Edge work.

• Keep the SRL above your dorsal D-ring whenever possible to help eliminate free fall.

• When using a dual-leg lanyard ensure only ONE leg is tied off at a time – except during transitioning between anchors.

• Always use a tag line attached to snap hooks to access out-of-reach SRLS. Never leave lifeline extended from SRL when not in use.

Dual leg lanyards and self-retracting lifelines from Guardian Fall Protection are designed to facilitate 100% tie-off. When transitioning between anchor points, first connect the second lanyard/self-retracting lifeline leg to a compatible anchor. Then, immediately disconnect the first lanyard/self-retracting lifeline leg from the previous anchor. Transitioning between anchor points is the only time when it is permitted to have both lanyard/self-retracting lifeline legs connected simultaneously. At all other times, the unused leg must be connected to a harness lanyard keeper.

Yes, provided all potential free fall, fall clearance, and swing fall factors are taken into consideration. For example, it would be improper to use two, 6' length / 6' FF lanyards in combination with each other because the combined potential free fall of these lanyards world be greater than what they are rated for. Conversely, it would be acceptable to use 1.5' length and 4' length / 6' FF lanyards in combination with each other.

Guardian Fall Protection self-retracting lifelines may be used in Restraint applications, provided that no fall hazards are accessible to the worker when working with the self-retracting lifeline fully extended/bottomed out. For example, if using a 20’ self-retracting lifeline, the worker must be greater than 20’ away from all fall hazards in order to be considered as working in Restraint.

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The preferred connector option when working in boom/aerial lifts is an adjustable, non-shock absorbing lanyard that is configured to prevent the worker from going over the edge of the lift. However, Guardian Fall Protection SRLs may be used in boom/aerial lifts, provided the user is working in normal work operations from the main platform of the lift/not climbing onto rails or sides of the lift. In the event the lift is jolted to a degree where the worker would otherwise be ejected from the platform, the SRL will lock up and prevent the worker from falling. If using a SRL in a boom/aerial lift, Guardian recommends using a Class A SRL (per ANSI Z359.14), such as the Diablo SRL, to achieve the highest degree of performance.

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Guardian Fall Protection does not require self-retracting lifelines to be recertified/repaired at any specific interval. Previously, Guardian required self-retracting lifeline recertification at a period of every two years, but this is no longer the case. Always refer to the product instructions for specific inspection guidelines. It is the responsibility of the employer designated Competent Person to determine when it is necessary to service self-retracting lifelines.

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Guardian Fall Protection self-retracting lifelines are designed for the unit housing to attach to the anchorage connector (“stationary” use) and/or for unit housing to attach to the worker’s D-ring (“mobile” use). The weight and housing size are the primary determining factors in the suggested orientation/installation of a self-retracting lifeline. For example, it is not realistic for the MK Edge housing to attach at the worker’s back. Refer to the product instructions or contact Guardian Fall Protection for information regarding specific product use.

Guardian Fall Protection self-retracting lifelines are not designed for use in combination with vertical lifeline/fall arrester assemblies. The use of an self-retracting lifeline with a vertical lifeline/fall arrester assembly would introduce potential regulatory compliance issues, as well as increase the potential for swing fall and improper loading. Only connect to vertical lifeline/fall arrester assemblies with a shock absorbing lanyard deemed compatible by the jobsite Competent Person.

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When working with a self-retracting lifeline at foot level, it is recommended best-practice for the self-retracting lifeline to rest on its side, as opposed to lying flat. However, either orientation is permitted. The Guardian Fall Protection Armadillo self-retracting lifeline Cradle (part # 00245) is designed to assist in keeping the self-retracting lifeline oriented on its side.

According to the ANSI Z359.14-14 fall protection standard, Class A SRLs limit average arresting forces to a maximum of 1,350 lbs., and maximum potential lifeline deployment to 24". Class B SRLs limit average arresting forces to a maximum of 900 lbs., and maximum potential lifeline deployment to 54". Class A SRLs are ideal for applications with limited fall clearances due to their shorter maximum potential deceleration distance, while Class B SRLs are ideal for applications with greater allowances for fall clearance due to their lower maximum potential average arrest forces.

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The shock absorbing component of lanyards and SRLs will typically begin to deploy when exposed to between 725 lbs. to 750 lbs. of force.

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Yes. Guardian connecting devices with rebar hooks may be connected to vertical scaffolding, provided the scaffold is determined to be compatible with the rebar hook by the jobsite Competent Person.

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Guardian fall protection SRLs are not required to be set back any specific distance from the edge of the fall hazard. Always consider anchor location, including setback distance, when determining whether or not a SRL-LE is required.

Typically, non-Leading Edge (LE) SRLs, like the Diablo, are not rated for any free fall. However, extensive product testing has shown that the Diablo Web SRL (part #s 11016, 11017, 11018, 11019, 11080, 11081, 11082, and 11083) can accomodate up to 2' of free fall. Always ensure that all applicable free fall is accounted for in fall clearance calculations.

Please note that this free fall allowance does NOT mean that these units may be used in LE applications. For LE work, an SRL-LE must be used.

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Pass-Through (PT) Buckle: Composed of two metal plates, one “male” and the other “female”, one passing through the other to create a secure connection. Tongue Buckle (TB): Essentially the same as a belt buckle, adjusted by pulling a strap through the buckle and locking it in place by connecting buckle tongue through grommet on strap. Quick Connect (QC): Like a seatbelt in a car, connect by snapping the male piece into the female piece, and disconnect by squeezing release buttons.

It is not recommended at any time to write on or otherwise modify harness webbing. Modification of harnesses can potentially degrade harness webbing and/or reduce effectiveness of harness inspection. Recommended best-practice is to write on the “This Harness Belongs To” portion of product labeling on applicable harness models. Harnesses do not need to be removed from service if webbing is written on, but additional attention should be paid during the inspection of these harnesses.

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No! Guardian harnesses are suitable for use by both women and men.

Per ANSI Z359.1-07, the maximum length of the lanyard between the harness D-ring and the fall arrester is 36”. This is imposed to limit maximum potential free fall to no more than 6’ when working above the fall arrester.

VLLs are rated for use up to 45 degrees away from the vertical.

No. Never tie a VLL back to itself unless specifically designed for such use by the manufacturer. Always connect a VLL directly to a compatible anchorage connector. In the event a tie-back application is required, use the VLL in combination with the Guardian Rope Anchor (part # 01300) (for rope VLLs only).

Yes, all Guardian Fall Protection horizontal lifelines may be installed at or above foot level. The permitted free fall of the applicable connecting device (lanyard or SRL) is the determining factor for required horizontal lifeline height. For example, if the horizontal lifeline is installed at foot level, a standard 6’ shock absorbing lanyard would not be permitted because the maximum potential free fall would exceed 6’. In this case, either a Big Boss Lanyard or SRL-LE would be required.

It is permitted to use rope horizontal lifelines in combination with Guardian Fall Protection CB Anchors.

Guardian Fall Protection deadweight anchors (Angel Anchor and EcoAnchor) may be used in combination with horizontal lifelines, but only for a maximum 2 workers, and only for Restraint applications. There is no restriction on the type of horizontal lifeline (rope or cable).

The only Guardian Fall Protection standing seam anchorage connector that is designed for use in combination with horizontal lifelines is the Permanent Adjustable Standing Seam Roof Anchor (part # 00249). This anchor requires an initial consult with our Engineered Services Group (ESG) prior to purchase in order to ensure it is compatible with the standing seam metal roof on which it is to be installed.

The Guardian Fall Protection Parapet Anchor (part # 15171) may be used in combination with a horizontal lifeline, provided the horizontal lifeline runs perpendicular to the parapet on which the Parapet Anchor is installed. At no time may the Parapet Anchor be used in combination with a horizontal lifeline that runs parallel with the parapet.

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Yes. There are no inherent restrictions regarding the use of an SRL with an HLL.

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OSHA 1926 states that the direct connection of a snap hook or carabiner to a horizontal lifeline is a potentially incompatible connection, unless designed for such use by the manufacturer. All Guardian Fall Protection snap hooks and carabiners are designed and permitted for direct attachment to horizontal lifelines, provided the applicable snap hook/carabiner is deemed compatible with the horizontal lifeline by the jobsite Competent Person.

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No. HLLs are designed with shock absorption functionality of a variety of designs and configurations, whether it be an integral feature of the rope lifeline, a tear-away device such as the Absorbinator, or a more traditional external shock pack. Regardless of design, the shock absorbing component of HLLs is designed to reduce fall arrest forces experienced by the end point anchorage connectors, not the worker. It is the HLL shock absorber that functions to sufficiently reduce forces experienced by anchors to allow for the HLL system to accommodate the attachment of multiple workers. When working in Fall Arrest applications, workers must always use a PFAS with shock absorbing functionality rated for use in Fall Arrest.

An outrigger is a guardrail installed perpendicular to a continuous run of guardrails. It is required to use outriggers at both ends of any interruption in a continuous guardrail system, and at both ends of a continuous guardrail system.

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When using lumber guardrails, each end of the rail must overlap with the adjoining rail by a minimum of 12”. Always lap guardrails in a continuous direction to facilitate timely system set-up and tear down.

Cable guardrails are permitted for use in combination with all Guardian Fall Protection guardrail posts. Cable guardrails must be installed under the supervision of the jobsite Competent Person, must be terminated at the endpoints of the system, and must pass through all applicable guardrail post rungs. It is the responsibility of the jobsite Competent Person to ensure all guardrail systems meet or exceed all applicable OSHA regulations, including rail height and minimum strength requirements.

Freestanding guardrail systems are suitable for installation onto slopes up to a maximum of 1/12 (5 degrees).

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A complicating factor with respect to deceleration distance is that OSHA and ANSI do not agree on the acceptable maximum permitted distance. OSHA tells us that the maximum permitted deceleration distance for any product is 3.5’, while ANSI tells us it is 4’ (for standard 6’ free fall shock absorbers). A 48” deceleration distance for 6’ shock absorbing lanyard is universally accepted across the industry. Greater deceleration distances are even permitted for extended free fall lanyards (60”) and SRLs (54”). The fact is that OSHA has not revised their fall protection standard in any significant way for many years, which consequently means the standard is not in step with newer industry practices.

Guardian Big Boss Lanyards and Leading Edge Self-Retracting Lifelines are designed for applications in which potential free fall exceeds the OSHA 1926.502 requirement of 6’. Similar to the question of maximum permitted deceleration, free fall in excess of 6’ is permitted. OSHA has issued a letter of interpretation stating that not all work applications can be anticipated, and that extended free fall is acceptable as long as fall clearances are adequately accounted for, and the equipment is properly designed for such applications.

Arc flash is a phenomenon where an electric current leaves its intended path and travels through the air from one conductor to another. Arc flash currents are extremely dangerous, and can exceed 30,000 degrees Fahrenheit for brief moments. OSHA mandates that fall protection equipment, rated for exposure to arc flash, be used by all workers who are exposed to hazards from flames or electric arcs (1926.954(b)(1)(i)).

ANSI Z359.18-2017 is a newly released ANSI standard that governs the manufacture and performance requirements of fall protection anchorage connectors.

ANSI Z359.1 is the original ANSI standard for fall protection equipment and was released in 1992. It was last updated as a product standard in 2007. Since 2007, ANSI has introduced individual product standards, and in 2016, restructured Z359.1 away from a product standard and into an overview document for the entire Fall Protection Code.

No. As of August 2017, Z359.1 is no longer a product standard. All fall protection products must follow the requirements of their respective individual ANSI product standard. While manufacturers may still sell product already marked to the old standard, they may not produce new product to the old standard after the grace period, which ended in February 2018. For a full list of the individual standards, please see the restructured ANSI Z359.1-2016 standard here. For a full list of the individual standards, please see the restructured ANSI Z359.1-2016 standard here.

With the sunsetting of ANSI Z359.1-2007 as a product standard, Guardian is choosing to maintain compliance with ANSI Z359.18-2017 for all anchorage connectors as part of its dedication to making fall protection products to the highest possible standards.

- Type T anchorage connectors are designed to support a suspended component/tie-back line or for an active fall protection system

- Type D anchorage connectors are designed to allow deformation or movement when arresting a fall with the purpose of absorbing fall energy and reducing the strength requirements of the anchorage to which it is attached. Deformation may be permanent or temporary. In some cases, these anchorage connectors may not be suitable for work positioning, rescue, rope access and suspended component tie-back because of their low serviceability load rating. Also, travel restraint may be acceptable based on the serviceability ratings and deformation limits of the individual product.

- Type A anchorage connectors are any anchorage connector other than a Type T or Type D for an active fall protection system

ANSI Z359.1-2007 required anchors to withstand a static 5,000 lbs. load. OSHA 1926 Subpart M in effect follows the same requirements of Z359.1-2007, and requires anchors to be able to withstand a 5,000 lbs. load, or maintain a 2:1 safety factor relative to the potential impact energy of a falling worker. ANSI Z359.18-2017 requires a similar 5,000 lbs. static test, but has added a dynamic drop test, a residual strength drop test, and a serviceability (working load) test. In addition, anchors composed of ferrous (non-stainless or galvanized) materials must also be tested for corrosion resistance.

- Static Strength: Type A and Type T anchors must withstand a minimum 5,000 lb. load. Type D anchors must withstand a static load between 2,700 lbs. and 5,000 lbs., and their deformation must be measured so that it may be accounted for in fall clearance calculations.

- Dynamic Strength: Type A and Type T anchors must not allow a 282 lb. test weight to impact the ground when dropped with a 3 ft. free fall, while Type D anchors must do the same but with a 6 ft. free fall.

- Residual Strength: Is simply a repetition of the initial dynamic test for Type A and Type T anchors. Residual testing for Type D anchors is also a repeat of the dynamic strength test, but with a 3 ft. free fall.

- Serviceability Load Test: Serviceability load testing is not required for Type A anchors, however for Type T anchors it is done by applying the greater of twice the working load or 2,500 lbs., applied at up to 900 lbs. per minute and maintained for at least 3 minutes. For Type D anchors, serviceability testing is done by applying the greater of twice the working load or 450 lbs., applied gradually over at least 1 minute and maintained for at least 3 minutes.

- Corrosion Testing: For Type A and Type D anchors, ferrous components of the anchorage connector cannot show evidence of red rust or othe corrosion after two, 24-hour salt spray exposures. For Type T anchors, ferrous components of the anchorage connector cannot show evidence of red rust or other corrosion over more than 5% of their surface area after a 500-hour salt spray exposure.

While a portion of Guardian anchors are ANSI Z359.18-2017 compliant and will be released into the market on an ongoing basis, testing is a time and labor intensive process. Many anchors will be .18 rated, and where alternative solutions are needed, we will be rating anchors as OSHA compliant.

Due to ongoing testing and the directive to no longer claim compliance with the restructured ANSI Z359.1-2007 standard, Guardian will rate some products as OSHA compliant based on specific applications where it is most appropriate. Anchors rated as OSHA compliant have been rigorously tested to ensure OSHA compliance. However, we will be diligently work to bring all anchors to ANSI Z359.18-2017 compliance as soon as possible.

ANSI is a voluntary national consensus standard that offers additional testing and performance requirements as determined by industry and safety professionals. They are used by manufacturers to provide technical guidance in the design and performance of fall protection equipment. OSHA regulations are legally binding, and compliance by employers is mandatory. Products that are compliant with OSHA regulations are safe for all applications as indicated by the manufacturer.

Yes. ANSI Z359.1-2007-compliant anchors either already installed or manufactured prior to the effective date of ANSI Z359.18-2017 may continue to be used as directed by the manufacturer’s instructions.

Guardian will make every effort to maintain previous performance specifications regarding product installation, fastener requirements, or substrates. If testing results indicate a product change is necessary to maintain ANSI Z359.18-2017 compliance, Guardian may update the product installation, fasteners, or substrate requirements. Any changes will be noted in the instructions and the official online tech bulletin here.

ANSI compliance testing must be performed by a test lab accredited to the ISO 17025 standard. Guardian Fall Protection’s test lab meets all necessary requirements for product testing.

ANSI standards are voluntary guidelines used by manufacturers to design, manufacture, and test fall protection equipment. OSHA may refer to the requirements found in ANSI standards indirectly, but OSHA does not explicitly require a product be ANSI compliant.

Guardian will move away from specifying any name-brand fastener, and instead issue minimum technical specifications for compatible fasteners. This will provide more latitude for competent persons to select appropriate fasteners for installation.

The product lifetime for all Guardian Fall Protection soft goods (those made from webbing, rope, or other synthetic fibers) is indefinite, provided product passes all manufacturer inspection requirements. This is the same position held for hard good products (those made from metals or other non-synthetic materials). Previously, Guardian's position was that soft good products had a lifetime of five years from the date of first use, however extensive testing and analysis has shown that this was unnecessarily restrictive.

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Any additional/supplemental training is not required to purchase a rescue kit from Guardian Fall Protection, however, rescue training is available through HART Height and Rescue Training by PSG.

Guardian Fall Protection equipment may be used in combination with equipment from other manufacturers, provided the jobsite Competent Person determines that the equipment is compatible. Note that Guardian’s policy in this case will not supersede requirements of other manufacturers regarding compatibility with Guardian equipment.

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Never remove shrink tubing (clear plastic covering) from any Guardian product. Doing so can negatively impact product performance. If shrink tubing has been removed or is damaged in any other way, product must be immediately taken out of service.

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Impact indicators on Guardian products take multiple forms, be they a tag sewn in to webbing, shrink tubing over a shock absorbing component, or an integral component of a hook. Impact indicators will begin to deploy when exposed to forces between 725 lbs. to 750 lbs.